Rooted in Diversity

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Second Sunday Talk

“The Italians Who Settled Omaha″ a panel conversation with members of the Sicula Italia Foundation and other members of Omaha’s Italian community.

February 13 at 2:00 p.m.

Gross Auditorium at College of Saint Mary


Celebrating Asian Cultural Diversity Is In a Day’s Work for Werner Enterprises

By Rita Shelley

Historically Omaha has attracted immigrants from all over the world. For Rajan Bhattarai from Kathmandu, Nepal, and Sneha Shah from the state of Gujarat in India, it was work that brought them here. Dawn Smejkal arrived by a different route, adopted from Korea by a Norfolk, Nebraska family when she was nine months old. The three work at Werner Enterprises where they have organized an Asian and Middle Eastern Associate Resource (AR) Group. As part of the group’s cultural outreach mission, they are hosting one of the rooms in the General Crook House Museum for our From the Globe to Our Home: Douglas County Ethnic Traditions exhibit.

Rajan Bhattarai, chairperson of Werner Enterprises Asian and Middle Eastern Associate Resource group, and group members Sneha Shah and Cory Curfman. The group decorated a room combining Indian, Korean, and Nepalese holiday traditions. Photo courtesy of Rajan Bhattarai.

Rajan, Senior Manager of Information Technology at Werner and chairperson of the AR Group, came to the United States as part of the U.S. Department of State’s annual Diversity Immigrant Visa program. The DIV Program makes only 50,000 immigrant visas available annually for the millions who apply, drawn from random selection among all entries from countries with low rates of immigration to the United States. From Nepal alone, 700,000 apply. He estimates there are 2,000 Nepali in Omaha.

Rajan has felt welcomed by how friendly Nebraskans are.

“The wonderful thing about Omaha is that everyone here says hi. You can talk about weather or football and feel like you’ve known that person for a long time.” When the weather conversations turn to snow, Rajan recalls his first winter here: “I never saw snow until I moved here. Kathmandu is sunny and 70 [degrees] all the time. Was January when we moved here. It snowed at 2 a.m. I watched that snow all morning. I cleaned off a friend’s car with my bare hands. Didn’t know how cold snow could be because I had never touched snow before!”

Rajan described two main Nepali holidays. The Dashain Tika Festival symbolizes the triumph of good over evil in 10 days of celebration. Diwali is a five-day festival of lights that celebrates the victory of light over darkness.

Sneha, a solutions architect at Werner, had never heard of Nebraska before coming here. “I was told to put my finger in the middle of the American map and that’s where Nebraska is.” She and her husband thought they would be here for one year; that was 15 years ago.

Sneha’s holidays span Christmas as well as Hindu festivals.

“We celebrated Christmas in India but on a much smaller scale. [Since being in Nebraska] it’s a big thing for us now – tree, presents, and our kids still believe in Santa.”

“But also there is such a large community from India in Omaha, I celebrate Hindu festivals even more than I did in India. Besides Diwali described by Rajan, she also celebrates Navaratri, a festival of nine nights in October during which each night honors a different goddess.

For Dawn, Associate Vice President of Risk Management at Werner, the opportunity to display Asian and Middle Eastern culture at the General Crook House Museum is important as a way to counter the stereotype of Nebraska as solely Caucasian. This dovetails with the mission of the AR group’s commitment to diversity and inclusion.

Rajan Bhattarai and Dawn Smejkal prepare for a talk on Nepalese and Korean holiday traditions at the General Crook House Museum. Photo courtesy of Rajan Bhattarai.

Dawn was born in Seoul, Korea. Because she was abandoned as a baby and no official record of her birth exists, her birth date was “on or about” February 8, 1971. Dawn was one of 24 babies who were on a flight from Korea to Seattle in November of that year. Adopted into a Caucasian family with Western traditions, Dawn grew up celebrating Christmas. She also has taken advantage of opportunities to learn about Asian holidays, including from Bhutanese and Chinese culture.

“I’ll be celebrating Chinese New Year in February this year,” she said. As far as celebrating uniquely Korean holidays, “I just haven’t had the opportunity,” she added.

With their goal of advancing Asian and Middle Eastern culture in Omaha, the Werner Associate Resource group’s participation in an exhibit that focuses on ethnic diversity was a perfect fit.

The General Crook House Museum’s holiday exhibit runs through Jan. 14, with Chinese New Year decorations remaining on display until Feb. 1.

DCHS would also like to thank Werner Enterprises for being one of our generous Adopt-A-Room sponsors – for the remainder of the From the Globe to Our Home exhibit, Werner employees with a company ID receive free admission to the General Crook House Museum. Click here to see the rest of our sponsors!

Omaha’s Lithuanian Community

by Rita Shelley

During the 19th and 20th centuries, two waves of Lithuanian refugees settled in Omaha, the first in the 1890s and the second after World War II. Though separated by half a century, the two groups shared a common imperative, to escape persecution. For the 300 Lithuanians who settled in Omaha between 1890 and World War I (ultimately 850 by 1918), lives and livelihoods were threatened by Czarist Russia. The post-war cohort endured Nazi and Soviet occupations. After the war, Lithuanian refugees lived in U.S. sponsored displaced persons camps in Germany. According to historical accounts, Lithuanians at the end of the war had three choices: remain in war-torn Germany, risk prison and exile to return to Soviet-occupied Lithuania, or emigrate. The first post-war Lithuanian refugees arrived in Omaha in 1949.

            Among that group was Kris Jonyka, whose Christmas stars are featured in one of the displays at the General Crook House Museum’s From the Globe to Our Home: Douglas County Ethnic Traditions exhibition honoring the holiday traditions of many of Omaha’s ethnic communities. The exhibit opens this Sunday, November 7, and will continue through January 9. The stars are made from humble drinking straws, but their beauty and intricacy represent traditions kept alive through successive global upheavals. On Sunday, November 13 at 2:00 p.m., Kris will be demonstrating how she makes the stars and will have straws and instructions in kits available to take home. She will also give a talk about the history of Lithuanian immigration to Omaha. The museum’s Rooted in Diversity exhibit will also be on display.

Kris Jonyka holds one of her handmade straw stars. She and Aldonna Tanner decorated a Lithuanian Christmas tree for the current From the Globe to Our Home: Douglas County Ethnic Traditions exhibit. Photo by Rita Shelley.

Traditionally, Lithuanian stars were made from rye stalks but there was no rye in Nebraska. Wheat isn’t pliable. So, Kris thought, why not drinking straws? Thus she fashions infinite combinations from different types of straws – from narrow straws that come with milk cartons to wider and thicker “bendy” straws. To Kris, stars represent the heavens and nature, bringing together a constellation of ways in which Lithuanian traditions matter. Stars are ancient, as is Lithuanian culture with its language as old as Latin. They also represent a world view beyond a single nationality. Stars and the craft that goes into keeping this folk tradition alive also transcend attacks by successive regimes on Lithuanian culture and language. And for a woman who was born in a displaced persons camp and who immigrated to Nebraska with her parents, the craft of Lithuanian stars connects her to the extended family she never knew.

Another of Kris Jonyka’s stars. Photo by Rita Shelley.

            Kris’s parents, Larisa and Juozas (Joseph) Jonyka, brought Kris and her younger brother, Peter, to Omaha when Kris was 2 ½ years old. Her parents’ stories were typical of Lithuanians of their generation – lives interrupted by violence and war. Larisa spoke Lithuanian, Russian, German, English, Polish, and Latvian. Larisa’s father was Chief of Police for the city of Kaunas in southern Lithuania. Juozas, whose family owned a mill and a large farming operation, had just finished graduate school at the University of Vilnius when the Nazis invaded. He taught chemistry and trigonometry in the DP camp. In Omaha, Joseph worked at a concrete company, a smelting company, and at Cudahy packinghouse in South Omaha. Eventually, he earned a civil service classification that qualified him to manage the commissary at Offutt Air Force Base. Larisa and Joseph also owned delicatessens at 32nd and U Streets and at 90th and Maple during the 1960s and 70s. “Their whole future was nothing like they thought it would be,” Kris said.

While no two Omaha Lithuanian immigrant families’ experiences were identical, they share the themes of displacement, loss, participation in a community-centered around St. Anthony’s parish and school at 5402 S. 32nd Street, and eventual assimilation. Aldona Tanner’s daughter-of-immigrants story also carries these themes. Aldona’s father, Joseph Agurkis, had been a partisan resistance fighter during Nazi and Soviet invasions, one of a few who survived. Aldona’s mother, Jane (Janina) also faced harrowing events she miraculously survived. When Berlin fell, the train she was on was bombed. She hid from Nazis while making her way to the DP camp where she and Joseph would meet and marry before coming to Omaha. They also received vital support from St. Anthony’s congregation and leadership during the transition into their new lives.

Founded in 1906 and consecrated in 1907 by the first wave of Omaha’s Lithuanian immigrants, the church that had sustained Omaha’s first Lithuanians in turn sponsored the mid-century arrivals. Reverend Joseph Jusevicius sponsored Lithuanians, raised money, and arranged employment for them in construction and meatpacking. The parish also provided temporary housing, literally, when refugees stayed in the church basement until more permanent arrangements could be found in an enclave south of Q Street between 13th and 36th Streets.

Members of the “Rambynas” choir, 1983. Accompanist Aldona Tanner, second row, third from left. From We Lithuanians, 1984. Courtesy of Douglas County Historical Society.

Within a few years, the parish sponsored a choir, a school, language classes, scout troops, folk dancing, veterans, an amateur theatrical group, athletic teams, a youth organization, and a women’s club that provided social and material support for the Lithuanian community. Joseph Agurkis acted in theatrical productions and started a fishing and hunting club.

Lithuanian men’s anglers and hunters club, 1982. Back row from left: K. Gegzna, J. Pultinevicius, J. Milasius, V. Arnauskas, A. Lizdas, A. Salkauskas, A. Galeckas, J. Agurkis. Front row from left: R. Drukteinis, P. Kovas, V. Mackevicius, V. Vainiunas, S. Pangonis, A. Ofertas, I. Dziuvenis. From We Lithuanians, 1984. Courtesy of Douglas County Historical Society.

Theater productions were staged throughout the 1950s. Above, a photo from a production of Room for Rent, directed by M. Pratkeliene. Pictured: J. Povilaitiene, J. Agurkis, V. Mackevicius, D. Drazdiene, G. Drazdys, A. Neliubavicius, M. Pratkeliene, G. Narkeviciute, A. Buskus, J. Drukteiniene, S. Radziunas. From We Lithuanians, 1984. Courtesy of Douglas County Historical Society.

Kris’s and Aldona’s parents’ generation came to the U.S. with the expectation that they would return to Lithuania when its independence from the Soviet Union was restored, but that didn’t take place until 1991. By then, they had long put down roots here. They had careers and lives that revolved around St. Anthony’s. Their children, who had been born in DP camps or in Omaha, were in their forties. “The longer they had stayed, the more they couldn’t go back,” Aldona says.

Seventy years and counting, Omaha’s Lithuanian community continues its mission to keep traditions alive and to share them in their hometown as a way to honor their heritage.

Scout troops were among a full range of activities for young people at St. Anthony’s church. From We Lithuanians, 1984. Courtesy of Douglas County Historical Society.

St. Anthony’s Holy Communion Procession. From We Lithuanians, 1984. Courtesy of Douglas County Historical Society.

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